Excessive bleeding: Also called (haemorrhage). Should the clitoral artery or other blood vessel is cut during the procedure, it can lead to uncontrollable bleeding.
Shock: can be caused by pain, infection and/or haemorrhage.
Genital tissue swelling: due to inflammatory response or local infection. I.e it can cause unwarranted swellings in the female’s body.
Infections: may spread after the use of contaminated instruments (e.g. use of same instruments in multiple genital mutilation operations), and during the healing period.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): the direct association between FGM and HIV remains unconfirmed, although the cutting of genital tissues with the same surgical instrument without sterilization could increase the risk for transmission of HIV between girls who undergo female genital mutilation together.
hence, we should stop this practice.
(CREDIT – W.H.O)